Sunday, 27 May 2018

Latest Current Affairs April 2018 PDF Download | Current Affairs 2018

Daily and Monthly Current Affairs 2018. Current Affairs April and May 2018 Latest GK for upcoming competitive exams 2018. SSC CGL CHSL and MTS Exam free study material. 

Current Affairs 2018


India to attend SCO anti-terror talks in Pak

• India will be attending the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation-Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure Legal Experts meeting which will be held in Islamabad, Pakistan.
• This will be Pakistan’s first SCO meeting, as the country along with India became a member of the organisation in June 2017.
• The meeting will be focused on the terror threat faced by the region & ways to enhance counter-terror efforts.

India ranks 44th in IMD’s competitiveness rankings


• India ranked at 44th place in terms of competitiveness in the annual rankings compiled by International Institute for Management Development (IMD).
• As per the rankings, the US is the most competitive economy, followed by Hong Kong and Singapore in the second and third place.
• Out of the 14 Asian countries on the list, India ranked 12th.

Government reconstitutes Financial Stability and Development Council
• The Union Government reconstituted Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC) to include secretaries from revenue department as well as Ministry of Information Technology (MeitY).
• It will also include the Chairman of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI). 
• This decision will make FSDC more broad-based to incorporate changes in economic regulatory framework of the country.

5th India-CLMV Business Conclave held in Cambodia

• The 5th India-CLMV (Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Vietnam) Business Conclave was held at Phnom Penh, Cambodia. 
• It was jointly organised by Ministry of Commerce & Industry along with Ministry of Commerce of Cambodia. 
• The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) is institutional partner of the event.

World’s Largest Bird Sculpture ‘Jatayu’ to be inaugurated in Kerala

• Kerala will soon inaugurate the world’s largest bird sculpture, Jatayu Earth’s Centre in Thiruvananthapuram.
• The replica of bird ‘Jatayu’, a character in the Ramayana is 65 feet tall & is positioned right at the top of a rock situated 1000 feet above sea level.
• The rock ‘Jatayupara’ where the structure is based, is the place where Jatayu fell after its wings were cut by Ravana.

Indian Navy conducts Prasthan exercise

• Indian Navy conducted an exercise called Prasthan in the Western Offshore Development area in Mumbai.
• The exercise is held once in every 6 months and aims at integrating maritime stakeholders including, Navy, Coast Guard, Air Force, ONGC, Customs & Port Trust.
• The drills were focused on fire on an oil platform, Oil spill, search and rescue for crashed helicopters, etc.

Paytm AshaKiran initiative launched to educate women

• Paytm announced a programme called Paytm AshaKiran, which aims at educating rural women about financial services.
• It will help in creating new job opportunities in small towns & cities of India.
• Paytm has partnered with United Nations Development Program under its Disha project to mobilize self-help groups and organize workshops.


Miguel Diaz-Canel elected as Cuba's new president

• Miguel Diaz-Canel was formally named as the new President of Cuba on April 19, 2018.

• Canel would be succeeding Raul Castro in a historic handover that ends the six-decade rule by the Castro brothers. 

• The 57-year-old, who was the only candidate for the presidency, was elected for a five-year term with 603 out of 604 possible votes in the National Assembly.
Jim Bridenstine becomes new NASA Chief in a close vote

• The US Senate has narrowly confirmed Jim Bridenstine, President Donald Trump's pick to head the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), in a 50-49 vote. 

• Bridgestone, US Navy veteran and former pilot, will become the 13th administrator of NASA. 

• The 42-year-old has expressed an interest in returning humans back to the moon, spoken of closer ties between NASA and the commercial space industry and has voiced skepticism about human-caused climate change.

• He was a strong supporter of Trump during the 2016 presidential race.
Syria returns to France the prestigious Legion d'honneur

• Syria has returned to France the prestigious Legion d'honneur presented to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. 

• The award was returned to France through the Romanian embassy in Damascus.

• President Assad was decorated with the highest class of the award, the Grand Croix, in 2001 after he took power following the death of his father.

• The move comes days after France said a disciplinary procedure for withdrawing the award was under way. 

• France recently joined the US and Britain in bombing Syrian targets over an alleged chemical weapons attack.

Current Affairs Quiz April 2018

1. As per IMF’s World Economic Outlook (WEO) report, what will be the India’s growth rate for the year 2019?

a) 7.8 percent
b) 7.6 percent
c) 7.4 percent
d) 7.3 percent

2. The first meeting of National Council on India’s Nutrition Challenges under Poshan Abhiyaan began in which city?

a) Karnal
b) New Delhi
c) Bangaluru
d) Lucknow

3. As per the State of Global Air Report 2018, over 95 percent of the world's population is breathing unhealthy air. The report was released by which organisation?

a) World Health Organisation
b) National Green Tribunal
c) Health Effects Institute
d) United Nations

4. 
NASA launched which mission recently to discover new planets outside the solar system?

a) CHESS
b) BLUE
c) PRKS
d) TESS

5. Which Ministry recently released the draft of the National Clean Air Programme?

a) Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
b) Ministry of AYUSH
c) Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
d) Ministry of Home Affairs

6. Which portal was launched recently by Union Human Resource Development Ministry to cover all aspects relating to studying in India for foreign students?

a) Invest in India
b) Study in India
c) Educate in India
d) Jobs in India

7. Which state government has launched a cashless health scheme?

a) Assam
b) Gujarat
c) Uttar Pradesh 
d) Jharkhand

8. Which nation has opened its first pubic movie theatre?

a) Qatar
b) Saudi Arabia
c) Kuwait
d) UAE

9. 
Which state has launched a magazine to spread awareness about hemophilia?

a) Maharashtra
b) Gujarat
c) Uttar Pradesh
d) Karnataka

10. 
Which actress would be heading the Cannes Film Festival jury?

a) Priyanka Chopra
b) Angelina Jolie
c) Meryl Streep
d) Cate Blanchett

11. Former US first lady, Barbara passed away on April 17 at the age of 92. She was the wife of which former US President?

a) George H. W. Bush
b) Bill Clinton
c) George W. Bush
d) Ronald Reagan

12. Which country’s police has announced a crackdown on human trafficking and forced prostitution?

a) India
b) UK
c) Germany
d) Bangladesh

Answers with Explanations

1. (a) 7.8 percent

The International Monetary Fund in the latest World Economic Outlook (WEO) has projected India to grow at growth rate at 7.4 percent in 2018 and 7.8 percent in 2019, up from 6.7 percent in 2017. The report stated that India in 2018 and 2019 would re-emerge as one of the fastest growing major economies. 

2. (b) New Delhi

The first meeting of National Council on India’s Nutrition Challenges under Poshan Abhiyaan began in New Delhi on April 18, 2018. The mandate of the National Council on India’s Nutritional Challenges is to provide policy directions to address countries nutritional challenges through coordinated inter-sectoral action. 

3. (c) Health Effects Institute

As per the State of Global Air Report 2018, over seven billion people that account for more than 95 percent of the world's population are breathing unhealthy air and live in areas of unsafe air. The report was released by the Health Effects Institute (HEI) on April 17, 2018.

4. (d)  TESS
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) on April 19, 2018 launched the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS), the first-of-its-kind mission to discover planets outside the solar system, including some that could support life.

5. (a) Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

The Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change on April 17, 2018 released the draft of the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP). The ministry has put up the draft on its website and invited comments from various stakeholders by May 17, 2018. The NCAP is a national action plan that proposes multiple strategies to reduce air pollution.

6. (b) Study in India

Union External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and Minister of State for Human Resource Development Satya Pal Singh jointly launched the Study in India programme of HRD Ministry by launching the ‘Study in India’ portal. Study in India Portal will be a single window to cover all aspects relating to studying in India for foreign students.

7. (a) Assam

Assam government’s new cashless health scheme, 'Atal Amrit Abhiyan' has been launched by Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu. The scheme will offer free medical care of up to Rs 2 lakh to every individual belonging to Below Poverty Line (BPL) and Above Poverty Line (APL) families. 

8. (b) Saudi Arabia
The kingdom of Saudi Arabia has opened its first public movie theatre, after over 35 years of prohibition for religious reasons. A special screening of Marvel superhero film ‘Black Panther’ was held in Riyadh, which was attended by Saudi Culture and Information Minister Awwad Alawwad along with Saudi royalty.

9. (b) Gujarat 
Gujarat has launched 'Haemophilia Jagruti, a magazine to spread awareness about haemophilia, an inherited bleeding disorder, on the occasion of World Haemophilia Day. The tri-monthly magazine aims to share knowledge and the research being done on the subject. 

10. (d) Cate Blanchett

Australian actress Cate Blanchett would be leading the jury of the 71st Cannes Film Festival. Other members of the jury include filmmakers Ava DuVernay and Denis Villeneuve and actors Kristen Stewart and Lea Seydoux. Overall, the jury will include five men and four women from seven nationalities and five continents.

11. (a) George H. W. Bush

Former US first lady Barbara Bush passed away on April 17, 2018 at the age of 92. She was the wife of former US President George HW Bush and mother of another former President George W Bush. As the first lady, from 1989 to 1993, she embraced the cause of universal literacy and founded a foundation for family literacy. 

12. (c) Germany 

The German police raided sites across the country on April 18, 2018 in a crackdown on human trafficking and forced prostitution. The raid, which also involved Germany's GSG9 special operations police unit, represented the biggest mass search in the history of the nation’s police.



Current Affairs Quiz 

1. Which country recently honoured the first conquest of Mount Everest without bottled oxygen?
a) India
b) Nepal
c) UK
d) China

2. Miguel Diaz-Canel has been elected as the new President of which nation?
a) Nigeria
b) Zambia
c) South Africa
d) Cuba

3. Who has been chosen as the new chief of US space agency, NASA?
a) Jim Bridenstine
b) John Cornyn III 
c) Mitchell McConnell
d) Cory Gardner 

4. Which Gulf nation has approved a draft law on property ownership by foreigners?
a) Saudi Arabia
b) Qatar
c) Kuwait
d) UAE

5. The Commonwealth Heads of Government Summit 2018 was held in which city?
a) Tokyo
b) Stockholm
c) London
d) Berlin

6. Which social media platform would be introducing new privacy choices to users?
a) Facebook
b) Whatsapp
c) Twitter
d) Instagram

7. NASA launched planet-hunting spacecraft “TESS”. TESS is abbreviated as? 
a) Transit Exoplanet Survey Satellite
b) Transit Explorer Search Satellite
c) Tranche Exoplanet Survey Satellite
d) Tranche Explorer Search Satellite

8. Who was conferred with the Dadasaheb Phalke Excellence Award 2018 for the Best Leading Lady (Critics Award)?
a) Alia Bhatt
b) Aditi Rao Hydari 
c) Anushka Sharma
d) Vidya Balan

9. Which country will host the 2018 Global IT Challenge for Youth with Disabilities?
a) Nepal
b) China
c) India
d) Bhutan

10. When is the World Liver Day observed every year?
a) April 16
b) April 17
c) April 18
d) April 19

11. When is the Civil Services Day observed every year?
a) April 19
b) April 20
c) April 21
d) April 22

12. Which Indian actress got featured in the Time's '100 Most Influential People' of 2018?
a) Deepika Padukone
b) Priyanka Chopra
c) Anushka Sharma
d) Vidya Balan


ANSWERS
1. (b) Nepal
Nepal's government on April 19, 2018 honoured two climbers who were the first to scale Mount Everest without supplementary oxygen 40 years ago. Italian Reinhold Messner and Austrian Peter Habeler had reached the summit without the use of supplementary oxygen, while others on their team used bottled oxygen. Until then, all climbers carried oxygen cylinders to aid them at high altitudes where oxygen levels were low.

2. (d) Cuba
Miguel Diaz-Canel was formally named as the new President of Cuba on April 19, 2018. Canel would be succeeding Raul Castro in a historic handover that ends the six-decade rule by the Castro brothers. The 57-year-old, who was the only candidate for the presidency, was elected for a five-year term with 603 out of 604 possible votes in the National Assembly.

3. (a) Jim Bridenstine
Share on Facebook
The US Senate has narrowly confirmed Jim Bridenstine, President Donald Trump's pick to head the space agency NASA, in a 50-49 vote. He will become the 13th administrator of NASA. The 42-year-old has expressed an interest in returning humans back to the moon, spoken of closer ties between NASA and the commercial space industry and has voiced skepticism about human-caused climate change.

4. (b) Qatar 
Qatar has announced the approval of a draft law on regulating the ownership and use of properties by foreigners. The draft law rules that non-Qataris might own and use properties under specific conditions. The law applies to land space including buildings and residential units, in addition to the detachment units in residential complexes. 

5. (c) London
The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) kicked off at the Buckingham Palace in London, the United Kingdom on April 19. This is the first time in a decade that an Indian Prime Minister is attending the event, which is held every two years, having skipped the Group summits in Perth, Colombo and Malta since 2009.

6. (a) Facebook 
Social media giant Facebook has announced that it would be rolling out new privacy experiences in compliance with EU rules. The users will be asked to review and choose what to share from the political, religious, and relationship information on their profiles. 

7. (a) Transit Exoplanet Survey Satellite
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) launched planet-hunting spacecraft, Transit Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) from Cape Canaveral in Florida on a mission to find thousands of new worlds beyond our Solar System. 

8. (b) Aditi Rao Hydari 
Aditi Rao Hydari was conferred with the Dadasaheb Phalke Excellence Award 2018 for the Best Leading Lady (Critics Award) for her memorable performance in ‘Bhoomi’. 

9. (c) India
India will host the 2018 Global IT Challenge for Youth with Disabilities (GITC), which will be held in New Delhi from November 8 to 11. For this, on April 18, the Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry’s disability division has signed an MoU with Korea’s Rehabilitation International to host the GITC. 

10. (d) April 19
The World Liver Day (WLD) is observed every year on April 19 to build awareness and understanding how important the liver is for our body and how liver ailments can be treated. Liver is a unique organ in human body and has a special capacity of regeneration. It has been seen that even 75% of liver can be safely removed without any untoward consequences because of this capacity of regeneration.

11. (c) April 21
The Government of India celebrates April 21 every year as ‘Civil Services day’ as an occasion for the civil servants to rededicate themselves to the cause of citizen and renew their commitments to public service and excellence in work.

12. (a) Deepika Padukone
The TIME Magazine on April 19, 2018 released the 100 Most Influential People List of 2018 designating individuals whose time is now. The 2018 list features the names of four self-made Indians- Bollywood actress Deepika Padukone, Indian cricket captain Virat Kohli, Ola co-founder Bhavish Aggarwal and Microsoft’s CEO Satya Nadella.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...